for Students of Woodwork
The sequence of work to be done by either hand tools or machine.
a. Select timber and cut to nominal size
( i.e. plan size plus an allowance for waste on ends.)
b. Dress one side and one edge as required.
c. Mark Face Side and Face Edge as shown:
d. Reduce to required width and thickness as required.
e. Cramp together all horizontal members together in vice or clamps.
f. Mark out shoulder positions with a sharp H2 pencil.
g. Repeat with Vertical members.
h. Gauge mortise or halving lines .
i. Mark out with a sharp HB pencil all other details including any haunches and the finished cross section on one end.
j. Marking and gauging should be completed on all members before proceeding.
k. Chop out all mortises taking care to exclude the haunch for the time being.
l. Rip down the grain of the tenons but do not cut off shoulders at this stage.
m. Prepare square mouldings i.e. grooves and rebates.
n. Prepare round mouldings i.e. remainder including any chamfers.
o. Cut shoulder lines carefully remembering to allow for rebates and any scribing required.
p. Prepare any mitres or scribes.
q. Fit joints, firstly individually and then as a frame correcting as necessary.
r. Clean up inside edges and any inaccessible faces.
s. Prepare and rehearse cramping making sure you have waste padding.
t. Glue - up and cramp - up. Drive in wedges from outside corners first.
u. Clean up back of work with smoothing plane.
v. Clean up front of work.
w. Cut off waste and clean up edges.
1. Ball point pens etc. must not be used for marking timber.
2. Mortise Gauge should be set off the chisel to be used.
3. Chamfers and mouldings must not be gauged with a marking gauge.
4. All marking and measuring should be done from face side or face edge.
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Last uploaded 21st August 2001